英语语法顺口溜:定语从句中的关系副词

英语语法顺口溜:定语从句中的定从中的关系副词

关系副词when/where/why, 从中做状莫懈怠;

时间用when原因why,地点where经常在;

定语从句中的关系副词有三个:when, where和why,它们在定语从句中分别作时间、地点和原因状语。when指时间, where指地点,why表原因。例如:

I still remember the day when I first came to Beijing.

我仍然记得我初次到北京的那天。

The factory where his father works is in the west of the city.

他父亲工作的那个工厂在城市的西郊。

That is the reason why I did the job.

那就是我为什么干这个活的原因。

关系副词可替换,介词加上关系代;

关系副词可以由介词加上which来替换。例如:

1)This is the house where (in which) I lived two years ago.

在这句中,where= in which

2) Do you remember the day when (on which) you joined our club?

在这句中,when= on which

3) This is the reason why (for which) he came late.

在这句中,reason= for which

关系代,关系代,that与who要除外;

挑选介词要聪明,必看动词和先行;

介词后可用关系代词,但只能用which或whom,不能用that 和who。那么,这个介词怎么选呢?其一,可以看定语从句中的谓语动词;其二,可以看先行词。例如:

1) The pain from which the poor suffered in this area has attracted the attention of the public.

本句中用from 加 which, from与定语从句中的谓语动词搭配,suffer from。

2) English is a useful tool in which I can communicate with foreign friends.

本句中用in加which, 和先行词搭配,先行词表语言,因此用in。

聪明反被聪明误,只因乱用关系副;

关系副,关系副,定缺主宾它不住;

它不住,它不住,关系代词来玩酷;

关系副词在定语从句中是做状语的,where做地点状语,when做时间状语,why做原因状语,但要特别注意,如果定语从句中所缺的不是状语,而是主语、宾语或表语,就不要用关系副词,而要用关系代词。例如:

1) I still remember the days _____ we spent together in the mountains last summer.

先看定语从句中所缺少的句子成分,spent是及物动词,缺宾语,因此不能填when, 而要用关系代词which或that。

2)This is the house ______ his grandfather once lived in.

先看定语从句中所缺少的句子成分,lived in, 明显缺宾语,in是介词,介词后应该有宾语,所以不能填where, 而要用which或that。

3)Is that the reason _______ you explained to the teacher for your being late for school?

先看定语从句中所缺少的句子成分,explain后应该跟双宾语,缺少一个宾语,因此不能用why, 而要用which或that。

人已赞赏
小学英语

少儿英语顺口溜:非谓语动词

2020-6-4 15:47:00

小学英语

英语语法顺口溜:定语从句中六个关系代词

2020-6-4 16:59:00

0 条回复 A文章作者 M管理员
    暂无讨论,说说你的看法吧
QQ客服
  • 客服咨询 点击这里给我发消息
旺旺客服
  • 旺旺咨询 点这里给我发消息
电子邮箱
  • 发送邮件
领学习资料
  • 学习资料领取
个人中心
购物车
优惠劵
今日签到
有新私信 私信列表
搜索